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Mol Carcinog. 2019 Feb;58(2):219-233. doi: 10.1002/mc.22921. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Characterization of DNA double-strand break repair pathways in diffuse large B cell lymphoma.

Author information

1
Institute of Bioinformatics and Applied Biotechnology, Electronics City, Bangalore, India.
2
Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
3
Department of Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.

Abstract

Efficient DNA repair is indispensable for maintaining genomic integrity in humans. Cancer associated deletions and mutations are mainly due to misrepaired DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Classical nonhomologous end joining (c-NHEJ) and homologous recombination (HR) are two major DSB repair pathways in humans. An error prone, alternative NHEJ pathway that utilizes microhomology was also reported in cancer cells and to a lesser extent in normal cells. In the present study, we evaluated the efficiency of various DSB repair pathways in the most common lymphoma, the diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Here we show that DNA repair through c-NHEJ pathway is limited in SUDHL8, a cell line derived from a DLBCL patient. Unlike c-NHEJ, microhomology mediated end joining (MMEJ) was predominant at physiological temperature. Consistent with the observation, expression level of repair proteins such as LIGASE I, LIGASE III, PARP1, CtIP, and MRE11 was higher in DLBCL cells when compared to c-NHEJ proteins. Further, inhibition of LIGASE I or MRE11, led to reduction in the efficiency of MMEJ in DLBCL cells. Besides, HR-mediated DSB repair occurring through gene conversion was observed. Thus, our results reveal the predominance of MMEJ over c-NHEJ in repairing DSBs in DLBCL cells, while error-free repair through HR was also evident.

KEYWORDS:

DLBCL; DNA damage; alternative NHEJ; classical NHEJ; double-strand breaks; genomic instability

PMID:
30298948
DOI:
10.1002/mc.22921

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