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Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2018 Nov;36(4):835-851. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2018.07.002. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Infectious Diseases After Hydrologic Disasters.

Author information

1
Division of Emergency Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA; Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA. Electronic address: syliang@wustl.edu.
2
Division of Emergency Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA.

Abstract

Hydrologic disasters, including hurricanes, tsunamis, and severe flooding, have been associated with infectious diseases, particularly among vulnerable and displaced populations in resource-poor settings. Skin and soft tissue infections, gastrointestinal infections, respiratory infections, zoonotic infections, and vector-borne diseases each present unique threats to human health in this setting. Increased emergency physician awareness of these infectious diseases and their diagnosis and management helps optimize medical care for survivors after a hydrologic disaster and safeguard the health of disaster responders.

KEYWORDS:

Flood; Gastrointestinal infections; Hurricane; Infectious diseases; Respiratory infections; Soft tissue infections; Tsunami; Vector-borne diseases

PMID:
30297008
PMCID:
PMC6195322
[Available on 2019-11-01]
DOI:
10.1016/j.emc.2018.07.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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