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Dermatol Ther. 2018 Nov;31(6):e12728. doi: 10.1111/dth.12728. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Update of calcineurin inhibitors to treat inverse psoriasis: A systematic review.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Rome, Italy.
2
Università "Magna Graecia" di Catanzaro, Department of Health Sciences , Unit of Dermatology Catanzaro, Italy.
3
Department of Dermatology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.
4
Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale - IRCCS di Reggio Emilia, Centro Oncologico ad Alta Tecnologia Diagnostica-Dermatologia, Reggio Emilia, Italy.

Abstract

Inverse psoriasis commonly involves skin fold areas including the axillae, perianal skin, intergluteal cleft, inframammary, genital/inguinal, abdominal, and retroauricular folds. Topical calcineurin inhibitors are indicated for the treatment of atopic dermatitis but have also been studied in the treatment of psoriasis. The object of the present study is to define the efficacy of topical calcineurin inhibitors in the treatment of psoriasis. We checked for English-vernacular articles conveyed since 1990 in PubMed, Ovid/Cochrane, and Embase using "tacrolimus," "pimecrolimus," or "topical calcineurin inhibitors," and "psoriasis" as keywords. Eight double-blind studies and seven open studies displayed the ampleness of topical tacrolimus in psoriasis. Included studies demonstrated a considerable efficacy of topical administration of tacrolimus and pimecrolimus in the treatment of psoriasis, especially for facial, genital, and intertriginous areas. The role of topical tacrolimus and pimecrolimus in the treatment of psoriasis seems to be promising as shown by the results of double-blind and open studies. Because these agents do not cause cutaneous atrophy, they have a special role in facial, genital, and intertriginous psoriatic lesions. Both agents await additional investigation to determine their roles.

KEYWORDS:

calcineurin inhibitors; inverse psoriasis

PMID:
30295379
DOI:
10.1111/dth.12728
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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