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Contemp Clin Dent. 2018 Sep;9(Suppl 2):S240-S245. doi: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_156_18.

Evaluation of Marginal Adaptation of a Self-Adhering Flowable Composite Resin Liner: A Scanning Electron Microscopic Study.

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Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.



"Self-adhering composite resins," are claimed to eliminate the need for a separate acid etching and bonding agent application step, thus simplifying the direct restorative procedure, both regarding the technique sensitivity and the duration of treatment.


The aim of this study is to evaluate the marginal adaptation of self-adhering flowable composite (Dyad flow) in comparison to the conventional flowable composite (Tetric N-flow) under scanning electron microscope (SEM).

Settings and Design:

This in vitro study was conducted on 44 extracted human maxillary premolars.

Materials and Methods:

Box-only Class II cavities on the distal surface were prepared with the dimensions of 4 mm buccolingual width, 2 mm mesiodistal depth, and gingival margin at the cementoenamel junction. They were divided into two groups of 22 teeth each and were restored accordingly: Group I - Gingival floor lined with Tetric N-Flow and were restored with Tetric N-Ceram; Group II - Gingival floor lined with Dyad flow and were restored with Herculite Precis. After thermal cycling, the sectioned tooth-restoration interfaces were evaluated for the marginal adaptation under SEM at ×200 magnification.

Statistical Analysis Used:

The resultant data were statistically analyzed by applying Chi-square test, using the SPSS (version 16.0) software.

Results and Conclusion:

There was no statistically significant difference between the study groups regarding the marginal adaptation. The marginal adaptation of the self-adhering flowable composite when used as a liner in Class II restorations was comparable to that of the conventional flowable composite.


Flowable composites; liner; marginal adaptation; scanning electron microscope; self-adhering flowable composite

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