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Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2019 Feb;25(2):369-381. doi: 10.1016/j.bbmt.2018.09.038. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Phase 3 Trial of Oral Brincidofovir for Cytomegalovirus Prophylaxis in Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.

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Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts; Division of Infectious Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address:
Department of Medicine, Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, Los Angeles, California.
Department of Infectious Diseases, Infection Control, and Employee Health, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.
Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College/New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York.
Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.
Chimerix, Inc, Durham, North Carolina.
Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington.


Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a common complication of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). In this trial, we randomized adult CMV-seropositive HCT recipients without CMV viremia at screening 2:1 to receive brincidofovir or placebo until week 14 post-HCT. Randomization was stratified by center and risk of CMV infection. Patients were assessed weekly through week 15 and every third week thereafter through week 24 post-HCT. Patients who developed clinically significant CMV infection (CS-CMVi; CMV viremia requiring preemptive therapy or CMV disease) discontinued the study drug and began anti-CMV treatment. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with CS-CMVi through week 24 post-HCT; patients who discontinued the trial or with missing data were imputed as primary endpoint events. Between August 2013 and June 2015, 452 patients were randomized at a median of 15 days after HCT and received study drug. The proportion of patients who developed CS-CMVi or were imputed as having a primary endpoint event through week 24 was similar between brincidofovir-treated patients and placebo recipients (155 of 303 [51.2%] versus 78 of 149 [52.3%]; odds ratio, .95 [95% confidence interval, .64 to 1.41]; P = .805); fewer brincidofovir recipients developed CMV viremia through week 14 compared with placebo recipients (41.6%; P < .001). Serious adverse events were more frequent among brincidofovir recipients (57.1% versus 37.6%), driven by acute graft-versus-host disease (32.3% versus 6.0%) and diarrhea (6.9% versus 2.7%). Week 24 all-cause mortality was 15.5% among brincidofovir recipients and 10.1% among placebo recipients. Brincidofovir did not reduce CS-CMVi by week 24 post-HCT and was associated with gastrointestinal toxicity.


Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation; Antiviral; Brincidofovir; CMX001; Cytomegalovirus; Prophylaxis

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