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Rev Gastroenterol Mex. 2018 Oct - Dec;83(4):424-433. doi: 10.1016/j.rgmx.2018.05.006. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Dietary management and supplementation with branched-chain amino acids in cirrhosis of the liver.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Departamento de Gastroenterología, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Ciudad de México, México. Electronic address: ruizm.astrid@gmail.com.
2
Departamento de Gastroenterología, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Ciudad de México, México.

Abstract

One of the most important characteristics of malnutrition is the loss of muscle mass and the severe depletion of the protein reserve, secondarily affecting energy metabolism. That impacts nutritional status and the progression of disease-related complications. Nutritional treatment is one of the main factors in the comprehensive management of those patients. Achieving adequate energy intake that provides the macronutrients and micronutrients necessary to prevent or correct malnutrition is attempted through dietary measures. ESPEN, the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, recommends a caloric intake of 30-40kcal/kg/day, in which carbohydrates provide 45-60% of the daily energy intake and proteins supply 1.0-1.5g/kg/day. The remaining portion of the total energy expenditure should be covered by lipids. The administration of branched-chain amino acids has been shown to be beneficial not only in counteracting malnutrition, but also as a coadjuvant treatment in specific complications, thus playing a favorable role in outcome and quality of life. Therefore, branched-chain amino acids should be considered part of nutritional treatment in patients with advanced stages of cirrhosis of the liver, particularly in the presence of complications.

KEYWORDS:

Aminoácidos de cadena ramificada; Branched-chain amino acids; Cirrhosis of the liver; Cirrosis hepática; Diet; Dieta; Estado nutricional; Nutritional status

PMID:
30292583
DOI:
10.1016/j.rgmx.2018.05.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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