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J Biol Chem. 1987 Mar 15;262(8):3718-25.

cDNA cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of a plasminogen activator inhibitor from human placenta.


Two nearly full-length cDNAs for placental plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) have been isolated from a human placenta lambda gt11 cDNA library. One positive (lambda PAI-75.1) expressed a protein that could adsorb and purify anti-PAI antibodies. The expressed protein inhibited the activity of human urokinase in a fibrin autography assay, and formed a 79-kDa (reduced) covalent complex with 125I-urokinase that could be immunoprecipitated with anti-PAI. The cDNA insert of the longer isolate (lambda PAI-75.15) consisted of 1909 base pairs, including a 5'-noncoding region of 55 base pairs, an open reading frame of 1245 base pairs, a stop codon, a 3'-noncoding region of 581 base pairs, and a poly(A) tail. The size of the mRNA was estimated to be 2.0 kilobases by Northern blot analysis. The translated amino acid sequence consisted of 415 amino acids, corresponding to a 46.6-kDa protein. The sequence was related to members of the serpin gene family, particularly ovalbumin and the chicken gene Y protein. Like these avian proteins, placental PAI appears to lack a cleavable NH2-terminal signal peptide. Residues 347-376 were identical to the partial sequence reported recently for a PAI isolated from the human monocytic U-937 cell line. Placental PAI mRNA was apparently expressed at low levels in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, but was not detectable in HepG2 hepatoma cells. It was present in U-937 cells and was inducible at least 10-fold by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. Thus placental PAI is a unique member of the serpin gene family, distinct from endothelial-type PAI. It is probably identical to monocyte-macrophage PAI.

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