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BMC Biol. 2018 Oct 2;16(1):109. doi: 10.1186/s12915-018-0576-6.

VOPP1 promotes breast tumorigenesis by interacting with the tumor suppressor WWOX.

Author information

1
Pharmacogenomics Unit, Department of Genetics, Institut Curie, 75005, Paris, France.
2
Present address: INSERM U950, Institut Jacques Monod, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 75013, Paris, France.
3
Somatic Genetics Unit, Department of Genetics, Institut Curie, 75005, Paris, France.
4
Pathology, Department of Tumor Biology, Institut Curie, 75005, Paris, France.
5
Hybrigenics Services, 75014, Paris, France.
6
INSERM U830, Institut Curie, 75005, Paris, France.
7
Pharmacogenomics Unit, Department of Genetics, Institut Curie, 75005, Paris, France. francois.lallemand@curie.fr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The WW domain-containing oxidoreductase (WWOX) gene, frequently altered in breast cancer, encodes a tumor suppressor whose function is mediated through its interactions with cancer-related proteins, such as the pro-apoptotic protein p73α.

RESULTS:

To better understand the involvement of WWOX in breast tumorigenesis, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screen and co-immunoprecipitation assays to identify novel partners of this protein. We characterized the vesicular overexpressed in cancer pro-survival protein 1 (VOPP1) as a new regulator of WWOX. In breast cancer cells, VOPP1 sequestrates WWOX in lysosomes, impairs its ability to associate with p73α, and inhibits WWOX-dependent apoptosis. Overexpressed VOPP1 potentiates cellular transformation and enhances the growth of transplanted tumors in vivo. VOPP1 is overexpressed in breast tumors, especially in tumors that retain WWOX. Moreover, increased expression of VOPP1 is associated with reduced survival of patients with WWOX-positive, but not with WWOX-negative, tumors.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings emphasize the importance of the sequestration of WWOX by VOPP1 in addition to WWOX loss in breast tumors and define VOPP1 as a novel oncogene promoting breast carcinogenesis by inhibiting the anti-tumoral effect of WWOX.

KEYWORDS:

Breast tumors; VOPP1; WWOX

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