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JBMR Plus. 2018 Apr 16;2(4):235-239. doi: 10.1002/jbm4.10044. eCollection 2018 Jul.

Whole-Exome Sequencing Identifies an Intronic Cryptic Splice Site in SERPINF1 Causing Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type VI.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular and Human Genetics Baylor College of Medicine Houston TX USA.
2
Texas Children's Hospital Houston TX USA.
3
Human Genome Sequencing Center, Baylor College of Medicine Houston TX USA.
4
Shriners Hospital for Children and McGill University Montreal Canada.
5
Kennedy Krieger Institute Baltimore MD USA.

Abstract

The heritable disorder osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is characterized by bone fragility and low bone mass. OI type VI is an autosomal recessive form of the disorder with moderate to severe bone fragility. OI type VI is caused by mutations in the serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade F, member 1 (SERPINF1), the gene coding for pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF). Here, we report a patient with OI type VI caused by a novel homozygous intronic variant in SERPINF1 identified by whole-exome sequencing (WES). The mutation was not identified using a low bone mass gene panel based on next-generation sequencing. This variant creates a novel consensus splice donor site (AGGC to AGGT) in intron 4. Analysis of cDNA generated from fibroblasts revealed retention of a 32-bp intronic fragment between exons 4 and 5 in the cDNA, a result of alternative splicing from the novel splice-donor site. As a result, the aberrant insertion of this intronic fragment generated a frameshift pathogenic variant and induced nonsense-mediated decay. Furthermore, gene expression by quantitative PCR showed SERPINF1 expression was dramatically reduced in patient fibroblasts, and PEDF level was also significantly reduced in the patient's plasma. In conclusion, we report a novel homozygous variant that generates an alternative splice-donor in intron 4 of SERPINF1 which gives rise to severe bone fragility. The work also demonstrates clinical utility of WES analysis, and consideration of noncoding variants, in the diagnostic setting of rare bone diseases. © 2018 The Authors. JBMR Plus is published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

KEYWORDS:

GENETIC RESEARCH; INTRONIC VARIANT; MATRIX MINERALIZATION; OSTEOGENESIS IMPERFECTA TYPE VI; SPLICE VARIANT

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