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Hematol Rep. 2018 Sep 5;10(3):7474. doi: 10.4081/hr.2018.7474. eCollection 2018 Sep 5.

Clinical significance of dasatinib-induced pleural effusion in patients with de novo chronic myeloid leukemia.

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1
First Department of Internal Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

Dasatinib is currently approved for clinical use as a first-line treatment agent for newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, only a few clinical trials have been performed to evaluate dasatinibinduced PE following first-line therapy. We investigated the incidence and clinical features of dasatinib-induced PE following first-line therapy in Japanese CML patients of real world clinical practice settings. Among 22 patients, the median age of PE-positive patients was higher than that of PE-negative patients. Major molecular response was achieved in 75% of PE-positive patients and 50% of PE-negative patients. Most patients developed PE more than 1 year after treatment. Appearance of PE is associated with better clinical response during dasatinib treatment, however it is developed at any time. Elderly and high-risk patients tend to develop PE. The clinical features of dasatinib-induced PE following first-line therapy might be late onset and might not immediately follow the increasing of large granular lymphocyte.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic myeloid leukemia; Dasatinib; adverse event; large granular lymphocyte; late-onset; pleural effusion

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of interest: the authors declare no conflict of interest.

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