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Elife. 2018 Oct 2;7. pii: e38856. doi: 10.7554/eLife.38856.

An essential Staphylococcus aureus cell division protein directly regulates FtsZ dynamics.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, United States.
2
Department of Cell Biology, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, University of South Florida, Tampa, United States.
3
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, United States.
4
Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, United States.
5
Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Howard University, Washington, United States.
6
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, United States.

Abstract

Binary fission has been well studied in rod-shaped bacteria, but the mechanisms underlying cell division in spherical bacteria are poorly understood. Rod-shaped bacteria harbor regulatory proteins that place and remodel the division machinery during cytokinesis. In the spherical human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus, we found that the essential protein GpsB localizes to mid-cell during cell division and co-constricts with the division machinery. Depletion of GpsB arrested cell division and led to cell lysis, whereas overproduction of GpsB inhibited cell division and led to the formation of enlarged cells. We report that S. aureus GpsB, unlike other Firmicutes GpsB orthologs, directly interacts with the core divisome component FtsZ. GpsB bundles and organizes FtsZ filaments and also stimulates the GTPase activity of FtsZ. We propose that GpsB orchestrates the initial stabilization of the Z-ring at the onset of cell division and participates in the subsequent remodeling of the divisome during cytokinesis.

KEYWORDS:

B. subtilis; DivIVA; EzrA; Min system; MinCDE; PBP1; infectious disease; microbiology; peptidoglycan

Comment in

PMID:
30277210
PMCID:
PMC6168285
DOI:
10.7554/eLife.38856
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Conflict of interest statement

PE, RB, MV, GG, CS, CT, JJ, JA, KT, JC, KR No competing interests declared

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