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Cancer. 2018 Oct 15;124(20):4023-4031. doi: 10.1002/cncr.31661. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Renal cell carcinoma and pathologic nodal disease: Implications for American Joint Committee on Cancer staging.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.
2
Department of Urology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
3
Department of Biostatistics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.
4
Department of Pathology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Lymph node (LN) metastases are associated with poor outcomes for patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This study compared the survival outcomes of patients with stage III, node-positive disease (pT123 N1 M0 ) and patients with stage III, node-negative disease (pT3 N0 M0 ).

METHODS:

A database of 4652 patients with RCC of any histological subtype treated with surgery at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center from 1993 to 2012 was retrospectively assessed. A total of 115 patients with pT123 N1 M0 disease, 274 patients with pT3 N0 M0 disease, and 523 patients with pT123 N0/x M1 disease were included. Overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were estimated and compared between each cohort.

RESULTS:

Median OS and CSS times were significantly better for pT3 N0 M0 patients than pT123 N1 M0 patients (OS, 10.2 vs 2.4 years, P < .0001; CSS, not reached vs 2.8 years, P < .0001). Similar median OS and CSS times were noted for pT123 N1 M0 and pT123 N0/x M1 patients (OS, 2.4 vs 2.4 years; P = .62; CSS, 2.8 vs 2.4 years; P = .10). In a multivariate analysis, tumor grade (hazard ratio [HR] for OS, 2.47; P < .0001; HR for CSS, 2.99; P < .0001) and pathologic LN involvement (HR for OS, 2.44; P < .0001; HR for CSS, 2.85; P < .0001) were associated with worse OS and CSS.

CONCLUSIONS:

Among RCC patients classified with stage III disease, those with pT123 N1 M0 disease had significantly worse survival than those with pT3 N0 M0 disease. OS and CSS were similar for patients with pT123 N1 M0 disease and patients with pT123 N0/x M1 disease (stage IV). If validated, these findings suggest that RCC patients with nodal disease should be reclassified as having stage IV disease.

KEYWORDS:

kidney cancer; locally advanced renal cell carcinoma; lymph node dissection; nephrectomy; staging

PMID:
30276798
DOI:
10.1002/cncr.31661
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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