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J Exerc Rehabil. 2018 Aug 24;14(4):545-550. doi: 10.12965/jer.1836244.122. eCollection 2018 Aug.

Brief ideas about evidence-based recovery in team sports.

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Department of Physical Activity and Sports, University of the Basque Country, Vitoria, Spain.
European University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD), CreativeLab Research Community, Vila Real, Portugal.
Sport and Health Sciences Department, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
University of Belgrade School of Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia.
Human Movement and Quality Life School, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, Heredia, Costa Rica.
Université de Lille, EA 7369 - URePSSS - Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaires Sport Santé Société, Research Department, Lille Olympique Sporting Club (LOSC), Lille, France.
Complex Systems in Sport Research Group SGR, National Institute of Physical Education of Catalonia (INEFC), University of Lleida, Lleida, Spain.
Department of Functional Biology, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain.


Performance in team sports is the expression of complex, dynamic, interactive, and multidimensional processes. It is now well-established that optimum recovery after practice or match is a key factor of team sport performance. During season and tournaments, improving recovery could offer an advantage for following performance. As a consequence of the professionalization of different roles in staffs, new particular roles have been developed within the team sports physician core in order to improve recovery protocols. Presently, scientific literature presents a big amount of methods used to enhance recovery based on the type of practice, time between session or competitions and equipment and/or staff accessible. These practices, usually used by teams are related to: ergonutritional, water therapy, massages techniques, stretching compression garments, sleep strategies and psychological implements. Besides, travel fatigue has been recognized by athletes and coaches as a challenging problem that could benefit from practical solutions. Nowadays, players have to play a lot of matches without enough time to recover among them, therefore the use of well-managed recovery can lead to a competitive advantage. Although the main purpose of applied sport sciences investigation is to categorize the protocols as well as providing approaches for individual recovery, the stages to recognize the most appropriate recovery plans in the field of team sports come from the analysis of the individual parameters.


Performance; Recovery; Team sports

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CONFLICT OF INTEREST No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

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