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J Formos Med Assoc. 2019 Apr;118(4):828-832. doi: 10.1016/j.jfma.2018.09.009. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

The dentin permeability of anti-inflammatory and antibacterial drugs: In vitro study.

Author information

1
Graduate Institute of Clinical Dentistry, School of Dentistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Dentistry, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
2
Department of Dentistry, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
3
Graduate Institute of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
4
Graduate Institute of Clinical Dentistry, School of Dentistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Dentistry, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Advanced Research Center for Green Materials Science & Technology, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: chunpinlin@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE:

Stimuli from the oral cavity may penetrate through exposed dentinal tubules and evoke inflammatory pulp response. Anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs applied to exposed dentin may infiltrate through the dentinal tubules and cause pulp recovery. This study investigated the dentin permeability of anti-bacterial and anti-inflammation drugs via an in-vitro transwell dentin disc tube model.

METHODS:

Twenty-seven dentin discs prepared from extracted human molars were collected. Nine kinds of drugs were investigated with three dentin discs in each group. These nine drugs included two anti-bacterial drugs (ampicillin sodium and clindamycin phosphate), two corticosteroids (betamethasone sodium phosphate and hydrocortisone sodium succinate), three non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, piroxicam, lysine acetylsalicylate, and diclofenac sodium), and two natural extracts with anti-inflammatory effect (Ginsenoside Rg1 and Hinokitol). The drugs were introduced to the transwell dentin disc tube model and the 4-hour cumulative release of the drug was detected and recorded by UV-visible spectroscopy.

RESULTS:

We found that ampicilin sodium had better dentin permeability than clindamycin phosphate. Betamethasone sodium phosphate revealed better dentin permeability than hydrocortisone sodium succinate. Lysine acetylsalicylate showed the best dentin permeability among the three NSAIDs. Ginsenoside Rg1 had the best dentin permeability among the nine drugs tested. However, Hinokitiol could not penetrate the dentin disc after 4 h.

CONCLUSION:

Regarding the dentin permeability, Ginsenoside Rg1 is the best among the seven anti-inflammatory drugs tested and ampicilin sodium is the better one between the two anti-bacterial drugs tested. Therefore, these two drugs may have high potential for treating exposed dentinal tubule diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Anti-bacterial agents; Anti-inflammatory agents; Dentin permeability; Exposed dentinal tubules

PMID:
30274828
DOI:
10.1016/j.jfma.2018.09.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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