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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 Sep 28;15(10). pii: E2133. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15102133.

Health and Well-Being of Cisgender, Transgender and Non-Binary Young People.

Author information

1
Department of Social, Work and Differential Psychology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28223 Madrid, Spain. aparicio@psi.ucm.es.
2
Department of Social, Work and Differential Psychology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28223 Madrid, Spain. ediazram@psi.ucm.es.
3
Department of Social, Work and Differential Psychology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28223 Madrid, Spain. srubiova@psi.ucm.es.
4
Department of Social, Work and Differential Psychology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28223 Madrid, Spain. mariai04@pdi.ucm.es.
5
Servicio LGTBI de la Comunidad de Madrid, 28031 Madrid, Spain. isidrogarcianieto@gmail.com.

Abstract

Young transgender and non-binary individuals (TNBI) are exposed to situations of discrimination and have a greater risk of violence. The purpose of this study is to analyze which protective, violence and health and well-being factors have more influence on TNBI compared to cisgender people. The sample comprised 856 youth between 14 and 25 years old. A survey including questions about sociodemographic information and protective, violence and health and well-being factors was designed ad hoc for this study. The results show the non-binary group received the least support from family and friends, higher risk of suffering cyberbullying, and many feel isolated and unhappy. TNBI have suffered more verbal attacks both inside and outside their school and physical attacks at school than cisgender young. These results are important because they may contribute to the promotion of public policies and clinical interventions that favor the integration of TNBI in our society.

KEYWORDS:

adolescence; gender nonconforming; health; non-binary gender identity; transgender; well-being

PMID:
30274141
PMCID:
PMC6209926
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph15102133
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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