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Eur J Pharmacol. 2018 Dec 5;840:1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2018.09.032. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Histone deacetylase 6 regulated expression of IL-8 is involved in the doxorubicin (Dox) resistance of osteosarcoma cells via modulating ABCB1 transcription.

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Department of Musculoskeletal Surgery, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai 200032, China.
Department of Musculoskeletal Surgery, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai 200032, China. Electronic address:


Emerging evidence shows that cytokines such as interleukins (ILs) are involved in the progression and chemoresistance of multiple tumors, including osteosarcoma (OS). Our present study established the doxorubicin (Dox) resistant human OS MG-63 and HOS cells and named them MG-63/Dox and HOS/Dox, respectively. The expression of IL-8, while not VEGFA, IL-32, or IL-34, was significantly increased in OS/Dox cells as compared with that in the parental cells. IL-8 neutralization antibody can significantly increase the Dox sensitivity of OS/Dox cells. Further, IL-8 can up regulate ABCB1, which encodes one important ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter /P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Mechanically, IL-8 increased the transcription of ABCB1 via up regulating its promoter activity, while had no effect on its protein or mRNA stability. Targeted inhibition of p65 can attenuate IL-8 induced transcription of ABCB1 in OS cells. Treatment OS cells with 5-aza-dC, the inhibitor of DNMT, had no effect on expression of IL-8. Expression of HDAC6 in MG-63/Dox and HOS/Dox cells was significantly greater than that in their parental cells. Knockdown of HDAC6 can suppress the expression of IL-8 in OS cells. Collectively, our data showed that HDAC6 mediated upregulation of IL-8 can regulate the Dox sensitivity of OS cells via transcriptionally regulating the expression of ABCB1. Targeted inhibition of IL-8 might be a potent potential approach for overcome the Dox resistance of OS cells and helpful for clinical therapy of OS patients.


ABCB1; Doxorubicin; HDAC6; IL-8; Osteosarcoma

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