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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2019 Jan 1;74(1):149-156. doi: 10.1093/jac/dky384.

Pharmacokinetics of dolutegravir with and without darunavir/cobicistat in healthy volunteers.

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St Stephen's Clinical Research, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, 369 Fulham Road, London, UK.
Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.
Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK.



Dolutegravir combined with darunavir/cobicistat is a promising NRTI-sparing and/or salvage strategy for the treatment of HIV-1 infection.


This Phase I, open-label, 57 day, crossover, pharmacokinetic (PK) study, enrolled healthy volunteers aged 18-65 years, who were randomized to one of two groups. Group 1 received dolutegravir (50 mg) once daily for 14 days followed by a 7 day washout, then a 14 day dolutegravir/darunavir/cobicistat (DTG/DRV/COBI) once-daily co-administration period followed by a 7 day washout and finally a 14 day period of darunavir/cobicistat (800/150 mg) once daily. Group 2 followed the same sequence starting with darunavir/cobicistat and concluding with dolutegravir. Each group underwent intensive PK sampling over 24 h on day 14 of each drug period and DTG/DRV/COBI concentrations were measured using validated LC-MS/MS methods.


Twenty participants completed all PK phases. Thirteen were female and median age and BMI were 33.5 years and 27 kg/m2. Dolutegravir geometric mean ratios (GMR, DTG/DRV/COBI versus dolutegravir alone) and 90% CI for Cmax, AUC0-24 and C24 were 1.01 (0.92-1.11), 0.95 (0.87-1.04) and 0.9 (0.8-1.0), respectively. Darunavir GMR (DRV/COBI/DTG versus darunavir/cobicistat alone) and 90% CI for Cmax, AUC0-24 and C24 were 0.90 (0.83-0.98), 0.93 (0.86-1.00) and 0.93 (0.78-1.11), respectively. No grade 3 or 4 adverse events or laboratory abnormalities were observed.


Concentrations of dolutegravir and darunavir, when boosted with cobicistat, decreased by <10% during co-administration, suggesting this combination can be prescribed safely in the treatment of HIV-1, with no adjustment to current guideline-recommended dosages.


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