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Commun Biol. 2018 Jul 30;1:99. doi: 10.1038/s42003-018-0104-9. eCollection 2018.

Binding modes of CYP106A2 redox partners determine differences in progesterone hydroxylation product patterns.

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Institute of Biochemistry, Campus B2.2, 66123, Saarbrücken, Germany.
Center for Bioinformatics, Campus E2. 1, 66123, Saarbrücken, Germany.
Institute of Biochemistry, Campus B2.2, 66123, Saarbrücken, Germany.


Natural redox partners of bacterial cytochrome P450s (P450s) are mostly unknown. Therefore, substrate conversions are performed with heterologous redox partners; in the case of CYP106A2 from Bacillus megaterium ATCC 13368, bovine adrenodoxin (Adx) and adrenodoxin reductase (AdR). Our aim was to optimize the redox system for CYP106A2 for improved product formation by testing 11 different combinations of redox partners. We found that electron transfer protein 1(516-618) showed the highest yield of the main product, 15β-hydroxyprogesterone, and, furthermore, produced a reduced amount of unwanted polyhydroxylated side products. Molecular protein-protein docking indicated that this is caused by subtle structural changes leading to alternative binding modes of both redox enzymes. Stopped-flow measurements analyzing the CYP106A2 reduction and showing substantial differences in the apparent rate constants supported this conclusion. The study provides for the first time to our knowledge rational explanations for differences in product patterns of a cytochrome P450 caused by difference in the binding mode of the redox partners.

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