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J Dig Dis. 2018 Nov;19(11):657-663. doi: 10.1111/1751-2980.12672. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Efficacy of Surgicel® (Fibrillar) for preventing bleeding after endoscopic submucosal dissection for gastric epithelial tumors.

Author information

1
Digestive Disease Center and Research Institute, Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon and Seoul, South Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Surgicel (Fibrillar), i.e. oxidized regenerated cellulose, is used to control oozing bleeding after surgery, but few studies have assessed its effect on complications after endoscopic treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Surgicel for preventing bleeding after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastric epithelial tumors.

METHODS:

From November 2012 to December 2013 patients scheduled for ESD of gastric epithelial tumors were prospectively enrolled in this study. Patients were assigned randomly to monotherapy with a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) (the MT group) or combination therapy with Surgicel and histamine-2 receptor antagonist (H2 RA) (the CT group) for preventing bleeding after ESD. Major bleeding rates and changes in hemoglobin at 1 and 7 days after ESD were evaluated.

RESULTS:

Among the 157 patients enrolled (111 men, 46 women), 78 were assigned to the MT group and 79 to the CT group; finally, 72 and 74 patients were included in the MT and CT groups. The major bleeding rate was lower in the CT group (6/74, 8.1%) than in the MT group (12/72, 16.7%), but the difference was not significant (P = 0.354). The change in hemoglobin was significantly less marked in the CT group than the MT group 1 day after ESD ([-6.2 ± 9.0] g/L vs [-8.9 ± 6.2] g/L, P = 0.045).

CONCLUSIONS:

Combination therapy with Surgicel and an H2 RA decreased the rate of bleeding similarly to PPI. Adding Surgicel to H2 RA could be considered for patients with bleeding tendencies, or who require continuous antiplatelet therapy to prevent bleeding after ESD.

KEYWORDS:

Surgicel; endoscopic submucosal dissection; gastric epithelial tumor; hemorrhage

PMID:
30267481
DOI:
10.1111/1751-2980.12672
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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