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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2018 Dec;144(12):2399-2418. doi: 10.1007/s00432-018-2751-0. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Signaling network involved in the GPC3-induced inhibition of breast cancer progression: role of canonical Wnt pathway.

Author information

1
Cell Biology Department, Research Area, Institute of Oncology "Angel H. Roffo", University of Buenos Aires, Av. San Martín 5481, C1417DTB, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
2
Cell Biology Department, Research Area, Institute of Oncology "Angel H. Roffo", University of Buenos Aires, Av. San Martín 5481, C1417DTB, Buenos Aires, Argentina. mpeters@fmed.uba.ar.
3
National Council of Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina. mpeters@fmed.uba.ar.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We have shown that GPC3 overexpression in breast cancer cells inhibits in vivo tumor progression, by acting as a metastatic suppressor. GPC3-overexpressing cells are less clonogenic, viable and motile, while their homotypic adhesion is increased. We have presented evidences indicating that GPC3 inhibits canonical Wnt and Akt pathways, while non-canonical Wnt and p38MAPK cascades are activated. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether GPC3-induced Wnt signaling inhibition modulates breast cancer cell properties as well as to describe the interactions among pathways modulated by GPC3.

METHODS:

Fluorescence microscopy, qRT-PCR microarray, gene reporter assay and Western blotting were performed to determine gene expression levels, signaling pathway activities and molecule localization. Lithium was employed to activate canonical Wnt pathway and treated LM3-GPC3 cell viability, migration, cytoskeleton organization and homotypic adhesion were assessed using MTS, wound healing, phalloidin staining and suspension growth assays, respectively.

RESULTS:

We provide new data demonstrating that GPC3 blocks-also at a transcriptional level-both autocrine and paracrine canonical Wnt activities, and that this inhibition is required for GPC3 to modulate migration and homotypic adhesion. Our results indicate that GPC3 is secreted into the extracellular media, suggesting that secreted GPC3 competes with Wnt factors or interacts with them and thus prevents Wnt binding to Fz receptors. We also describe the complex network of interactions among GPC3-modulated signaling pathways.

CONCLUSION:

GPC3 is operating through an intricate molecular signaling network. From the balance of these interactions, the inhibition of breast metastatic spread induced by GPC3 emerges.

KEYWORDS:

Autocrine and paracrine Wnt pathways; Breast cancer dissemination; Secreted GPC3; Signaling network

PMID:
30267212
DOI:
10.1007/s00432-018-2751-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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