Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Ultrasound Med. 2018 Sep 28. doi: 10.1002/jum.14791. [Epub ahead of print]

Estimation of Cardiac Systolic Function Based on Mitral Valve Movements: An Accurate Bedside Tool for Emergency Physicians in Dyspneic Patients.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.
2
Department of Emergency Medicine, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.
3
Department of Emergency Medicine, Beykoz State Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
4
Eskisehir Odunpazarı Public Health Center, Eskisehir, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to determine the success of mitral valve movements in the estimation of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF).

METHODS:

Adult patients whose principal symptom was dyspnea were included in this prospective observational study. The distance from the anterior mitral valve (AMV) to the interventricular septum (IVS) during early diastole was measured first in B-mode in the parasternal long axis (PLAX) named parasternal long axis-anterior leaflet septal separation. Second, the AMV-IVS distance was measured in M-mode in the PLAX named E-point septal separation. Third, AMV-IVS distance was measured in B-mode in the apical 4-chamber view named apical 4-chamber view-anterior leaflet septal separation. Finally, maximum distance between the 2 mitral leaflets in the apical 4-chamber view was measured and named mitral valve leaflet separation. Comprehensive echocardiography was performed by an experienced cardiologist. Correlation was calculated between mitral valve measurements and LVEF. Cutoff values were determined using receiver operating characteristic curves and the chi-square test.

RESULTS:

A total of 118 patients were included in the study. Parasternal long axis-anterior leaflet septal separation, E-point septal separation, and apical 4-chamber view-anterior leaflet septal separation were highly correlated with LVEF (correlation coefficient, -0.848, -0.833, and-0.822 [P < .001]). Parasternal long axis-anterior leaflet septal separation values less than 2.30 mm, E-point septal separation values less than 2 mm, and mitral valve leaflet separation values greater than 25.15 mm exhibited a 100% negative predictive value in excluding reduced LVEF. Parasternal long axis-anterior leaflet septal separation values less than 4.95 mm, EPSS values less than 5.85 mm, apical 4-chamber view-anterior leaflet septal separation values less than 6.95 mm, and mitral valve leaflet separation values greater than 24.05 mm exhibited a 100% negative predictive value in excluding severe reduced LVEF.

CONCLUSIONS:

Mitral valve measurement methods may be useful in predicting LVEF or values thereof as a complementary method of diagnosing challenging patients on echocardiographic images.

KEYWORDS:

E-point septal separation; bedside sonography; echocardiography; left ventricular ejection fraction; left ventricular systolic function

PMID:
30265408
DOI:
10.1002/jum.14791

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center