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Food Sci Biotechnol. 2016 Jan 30;25(2):439-444. doi: 10.1007/s10068-016-0060-4. eCollection 2016.

Effect of lactic acid fermentation on antioxidant properties and phenolic acid contents of oyster (Pleurotus ostreatus) and chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius) mushrooms.

Author information

1
1Department of Fruits, Vegetables and Mushrooms Technology, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Skromna 8, 20-704 Lublin, Poland.
2
2Department of Biotechnology, Human Nutrition and Food Commodity Science, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Skromna 8, 20-704 Lublin, Poland.

Abstract

Fruiting bodies of Pleurotus ostreatus (oyster) and Cantharellus cibarius (chanterelle) mushrooms underwent acid fermentation using 3 strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as starter cultures. Polyphenol contents, antioxidant activities, and phenolic acid contents in fresh, blanched, and fermented mushrooms were investigated. Fruiting bodies of oyster mushrooms exhibited higher total phenolic contents than chanterelle mushrooms. Blanching caused a decrease in polyphenol contents and antioxidant activities in both mushroom types. No important differences were observed in total phenolic compound contents (measured using Folin-Ciocalteau reagent) in mushrooms using different LAB strains. Lactobacillus plantarum was the most useful microorganism for lactic acid fermentation of fruiting bodies for reduction of the pH value. The highest concentrations of single phenolic acids: gallic, homogentisic, and ferulic acids were present in mushrooms fermented using L. plantarum.

KEYWORDS:

Cantharellus cibarius; Pleurotus ostreatus; antioxidant activity; fermented mushroom; phenolic compound

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