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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2018 Dec 1;659:13-21. doi: 10.1016/j.abb.2018.09.023. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Role of mesenchymal stem cells exosomes derived microRNAs; miR-136, miR-494 and miR-495 in pre-eclampsia diagnosis and evaluation.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Kasr El Ainy st, Cairo, 11562, Egypt. Electronic address: tarek.motawi@pharma.cu.edu.eg.
2
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Kasr El Ainy st, Cairo, 11562, Egypt. Electronic address: dinasabry@kasralainy.edu.eg.
3
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Kasr El Ainy st, Cairo, 11562, Egypt. Electronic address: nadine.hanna@pharma.cu.edu.eg.
4
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Kasr El Ainy st, Cairo, 11562, Egypt. Electronic address: sherine.abdelaziz@pharma.cu.edu.eg.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pre-eclampsia (PE) is one of the most threatening pregnancy complications. So far neither a secure, competent therapy for PE nor effective biomarkers for a premature discovery has been achieved. However, currently, the use of released microRNAs (miRNAs) as potential biomarkers and therapy targets for various diseases is the dominating area of research. The aim of our study was to identify miRNAs 136, 494 and 495 genes expression in exosomes of peripheral blood compared to umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) conditioned media released exososomes in patients with PE, as valuable markers for PE early prediction.

METHODS:

Blood samples were collected from 100 patients with PE and 100 control with normal pregnancies. Thirty fresh umbilical cord samples of women with healthy pregnancies (n = 15) and PE patients (n = 15) were retrieved during caesarean deliveries and UCMSCs were isolated from Wharton jelly. The expression of miRNAs 136, 494 and 495 in exosomes of peripheral blood and UCMSCs conditioned media was measured using quantitative real-time PCR method. Unpaired t-test, Pearson correlation test and Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis were used for data analysis.

RESULTS:

Our study revealed a significantly higher expression levels of miRNAs 136, 494 and 495 in exosomes of peripheral blood and matched with UCMSCs released exosomes from patients with PE compared to normal pregnancies (p = 0.000). In peripheral blood of PE, they were 6.4, 3.9 and 2.1 folds higher, respectively. ROC analysis revealed that the sensitivity and specificity values of miRNA-136 were 95% and 100%, respectively, with a cut-off value of 2.55. The sensitivity and specificity values of miRNA-494 were 86% and 95%, respectively, with a cut-off value of 0.47. The sensitivity and specificity values of miRNA-495 were 90% and 83%, respectively, with a cut-off value of 1.287.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings suggest that exosomes derived miRNA-136, miRNA-494 and miRNA-495 could be promising circulating biomarkers in early detection of PE. Furthermore, UCMSCs released exosomes miRNA-136, miRNA-494 and miRNA-495 genes expression confirmed peripheral blood results analysis.

KEYWORDS:

Exosomes; Mesenchymal stem cells; Pre-eclampsia; microRNA-136; microRNA-494; microRNA-495

PMID:
30261165
DOI:
10.1016/j.abb.2018.09.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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