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PLoS One. 2018 Sep 27;13(9):e0204170. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0204170. eCollection 2018.

GPx3-mediated redox signaling arrests the cell cycle and acts as a tumor suppressor in lung cancer cell lines.

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Department of Anatomy, Chonnam National University Medical School, Hwasun-eup, Hwasun-gun, Jeollanam-do, Korea.
Department of Pathology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Dong-gu, Gwangju, Korea.
Department of Lung and Esophageal Cancer Clinic, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun-eup, Hwasun-gun, Jeollanam-do, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Hospital, Dong-gu, Gwangju, Korea.
Animal Facility of Aging Science, Korea Basic Science Institute, Buk-gu, Gwangju, Korea.


Glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPx3), a major scavenger of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in plasma, acts as a redox signal modulator. However, the mechanism underlying GPx3-mediated suppression of cancer cell growth is unclear. The aim of this study was to identify these mechanisms with respect to lung cancer. To enhance the redox modulating properties of GPx3, lung cancer cells were subjected to serum starvation for 12 h, resulting in ROS generation in the absence of oxidant treatment. We then investigated whether suppression of tumorigenesis under conditions of oxidative stress was dependent on GPx3. The results showed that GPx3 effectively suppressed proliferation, migration, and invasion of lung cancer cells under oxidative stress. In addition, GPx3 expression led to a significant reduction in ROS production by cancer cells and induced G2/M phase arrest. We also found that inactivation of cyclin B1 significantly suppressed by nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB) inactivation in lung cancer cells was dependent on GPx3 expression. To further elucidate the mechanism(s) underlying GPx3-medited suppression of tumor proliferation, we next examined the effect of GPx3-mediated redox signaling on the ROS-MKP3-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk)-NF-κB-cyclin B1 pathway and found that GPx3 strongly suppressed activation of the Erk-NF-κB-cyclin B1 signaling cascade by protecting MKP3 (an Erk-specific phosphatase) from the effects of ROS. Thus, this study demonstrates for the first time that the GPx3 suppresses proliferation of lung cancer cells by modulating redox-mediated signals.

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