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Rev Infect Dis. 1986 Nov-Dec;8 Suppl 5:S639-43.

Efficacy and safety of sequential treatment with parenteral sulbactam/ampicillin and oral sultamicillin for skeletal infections in children.

Abstract

Nine children with osteomyelitis and/or septic arthritis were treated sequentially with parenteral sulbactam/ampicillin and oral sultamicillin. Causative pathogens were identified in six cases; all were susceptible to the combination of ampicillin and sulbactam. The mean duration of parenteral therapy was 7.1 days (6-11 days), and the average hospital stay was 10.3 days (6-18 days). Peak serum bactericidal titers of greater than or equal to 1:8 were achieved in all patients during parenteral therapy; only one child receiving oral therapy did not achieve a titer of greater than or equal to 1:4. At follow-up, all of the children were cured clinically and there was no evidence of relapse. Adverse reactions to oral therapy were minimal. The regimen of parenteral sulbactam/ampicillin and oral sultamicillin used sequentially is effective and safe for the treatment of skeletal infections in children. The use of this approach significantly reduced the duration of hospitalization.

PMID:
3026018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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