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Curr Nutr Rep. 2018 Dec;7(4):274-285. doi: 10.1007/s13668-018-0246-x.

Intergenerational Effects of Health Issues Among Women of Childbearing Age: a Review of the Recent Literature.

Author information

1
Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Street, Houston, TX, 77030, USA. lydi-anne.vezina-im@fsi.ulaval.ca.
2
Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Street, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

This review summarizes the latest scientific evidence, primarily from systematic reviews/meta-analyses and large cohort studies, on the impact of health issues among women of childbearing age and their effect on their offspring during pregnancy and from birth to adulthood.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Women of childbearing age with overweight/obesity, diabetes, and hypertension prior to pregnancy are at increased risk for adverse outcomes during pregnancy, such as excessive gestational weight gain, gestational diabetes mellitus, and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. These adverse outcomes could complicate delivery and put their offspring at risk of developing overweight/obesity, diabetes, and hypertension (i.e., intergenerational transmission of health issues). Interventions should target women of childbearing age, especially those who wish to conceive, in order to possibly stop the transmission of women's health issues to the offspring and favor a healthy pregnancy from the start. This could be one of the best strategies to promote both maternal and child health.

KEYWORDS:

Childbearing age; Health; Intergenerational effects; Offspring; Women

PMID:
30259413
DOI:
10.1007/s13668-018-0246-x

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