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Life Sci. 1986 Dec 22;39(25):2475-81.

Anatomical localization of corticotropin-releasing activity in the human brain.


Corticotropin-releasing activity (CRa) and arginine-vasopressin (AVP) content were measured in seven human hypothalami. The hypothalami were obtained from routine autopsy of patients suffering from no obvious neuroendocrinological abnormality. Twelve distinct hypothalamic areas were dissected in the frozen state and extracted in aqueous solution. CRa was measured by a bioassay measuring the aCTH released by rat pituitary cells in vitro, and vasopressin by direct radioimmunoassay. CRa was detectable in almost every area with the highest values in the supraoptic, paraventricular and infundibular (arcuate) areas. Vasopressin concentrations were maximum in the supraoptic nucleus, followed by the paraventricular and infundibular nuclei. We conclude that: hypothalami obtained from routine autopsy at a general hospital can be used for consistent CRa and vasopressin assay. Vasopressin and CRa are similarly distributed in man and in the rat. In both species, high CRa, which is not explained by AVP, is found in the paraventricular nucleus. The infundibular (arcuate) nucleus seems to display non AVP-dependent CRa much greater in the human than in the rat.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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