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Metabolism. 2018 Dec;89:18-26. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2018.09.006. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

Obesity modifies the stoichiometry of mitochondrial proteins in a way that is distinct to the subcellular localization of the mitochondria in skeletal muscle.

Author information

1
Center for Metabolic and Vascular Biology, Arizona State University, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, United States of America.
2
College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, United States of America.
3
Department of Biomedical Informatics, Arizona State University, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, United States of America.
4
Center for Metabolic and Vascular Biology, Arizona State University, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, United States of America; College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, United States of America. Electronic address: christos.katsanos@asu.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Skeletal muscle mitochondrial content and function appear to be altered in obesity. Mitochondria in muscle are found in well-defined regions within cells, and they are arranged in a way that form distinct subpopulations of subsarcolemmal (SS) and intermyofibrillar (IMF) mitochondria. We sought to investigate differences in the proteomes of SS and IMF mitochondria between lean subjects and subjects with obesity.

METHODS:

We performed comparative proteomic analyses on SS and IMF mitochondria isolated from muscle samples obtained from lean subjects and subjects with obesity. Mitochondria were isolated using differential centrifugation, and proteins were subjected to label-free quantitative tandem mass spectrometry analyses. Collected data were evaluated for abundance of mitochondrial proteins using spectral counting. The Reactome pathway database was used to determine metabolic pathways that are altered in obesity.

RESULTS:

Among proteins, 73 and 41 proteins showed different (mostly lower) expression in subjects with obesity in the SS and IMF mitochondria, respectively (false discovery rate-adjusted P ≤ 0.05). We specifically found an increase in proteins forming the tricarboxylic acid cycle and electron transport chain (ETC) complex II, but a decrease in proteins forming protein complexes I and III of the ETC and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase in subjects with obesity in the IMF, but not SS, mitochondria. Obesity was associated with differential effects on metabolic pathways linked to protein translation in the SS mitochondria and ATP formation in the IMF mitochondria.

CONCLUSIONS:

Obesity alters the expression of mitochondrial proteins regulating key metabolic processes in skeletal muscle, and these effects are distinct to mitochondrial subpopulations located in different regions of the muscle fibers.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01824173).

KEYWORDS:

Adiposity; Intermyofibrillar; Mass spectrometry; Proteome; Subsarcolemmal

PMID:
30253140
PMCID:
PMC6221946
DOI:
10.1016/j.metabol.2018.09.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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