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Nat Commun. 2018 Sep 24;9(1):3872. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-06287-x.

Targeting PFKFB3 radiosensitizes cancer cells and suppresses homologous recombination.

Author information

1
Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Oncology and Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, 171 21, Stockholm, Sweden. nina.gustafsson@scilifelab.se.
2
Kancera AB, Karolinska Science Park, 171 48, Solna, Sweden. nina.gustafsson@scilifelab.se.
3
Kancera AB, Karolinska Science Park, 171 48, Solna, Sweden.
4
Drug Discovery and Development Platform, Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Organic Chemistry, Stockholm University, Box 1030, S-171 21, Solna, Sweden.
5
Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Oncology and Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, 171 21, Stockholm, Sweden.
6
SARomics Biostructures AB, Medicon Village, SE-223 81, Lund, Sweden.
7
Sprint Bioscience, 141 57, Huddinge, Sweden.
8
Department of Sciences, Roma Tre University, 446 00146 Rome, Italy.
9
Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.
10
Malvern Instruments, 752 28, Uppsala, Sweden.
11
Department of Pharmacy, Kyung-Hee University, 02447, Seoul, South Korea.
12
Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Oncology and Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, 171 21, Stockholm, Sweden. t.helleday@sheffield.ac.uk.
13
Sheffield Cancer Centre, Department of Oncology and Metabolism, University of Sheffield, S10 2RX, Sheffield, UK. t.helleday@sheffield.ac.uk.

Abstract

The glycolytic PFKFB3 enzyme is widely overexpressed in cancer cells and an emerging anti-cancer target. Here, we identify PFKFB3 as a critical factor in homologous recombination (HR) repair of DNA double-strand breaks. PFKFB3 rapidly relocates into ionizing radiation (IR)-induced nuclear foci in an MRN-ATM-γH2AX-MDC1-dependent manner and co-localizes with DNA damage and HR repair proteins. PFKFB3 relocalization is critical for recruitment of HR proteins, HR activity, and cell survival upon IR. We develop KAN0438757, a small molecule inhibitor that potently targets PFKFB3. Pharmacological PFKFB3 inhibition impairs recruitment of ribonucleotide reductase M2 and deoxynucleotide incorporation upon DNA repair, and reduces dNTP levels. Importantly, KAN0438757 induces radiosensitization in transformed cells while leaving non-transformed cells unaffected. In summary, we identify a key role for PFKFB3 enzymatic activity in HR repair and present KAN0438757, a selective PFKFB3 inhibitor that could potentially be used as a strategy for the treatment of cancer.

PMID:
30250201
PMCID:
PMC6155239
DOI:
10.1038/s41467-018-06287-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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