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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2018 Oct;66(10):1417-1422. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_7_18.

Comparative studies between longitudinal and torsional modes in phacoemulsification, using active fluidics technology along with the intrepid balanced tip.

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Department of Ophthalmology, SGRR-Institute of Medical and Health Sciences, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.



To compare and report the intra- and postoperative outcomes of phacoemulsification between longitudinal (LPKE) and torsional (TPKE) mode, using active fluidics along with the intrepid balanced tip.


This single center prospective randomized comparative study comprised a total 108 consecutive eyes of 108 patients having senile cataract subdivided into nuclear opalescence (NO) grades II-IV according to the lens opacities classification system III (LOCS III). Cataracts of each grade were randomly assigned to two groups LPKE (n = 54) and TPKE (n = 54) mode, who were operated on by the same surgeon using same machine (Centurion® Alcon Laboratories, Inc., USA) having features of both active fluidics and intrepid balanced tip. Pre-, intra-, and postoperative evaluations were done independently by a different author, who was masked to the surgical procedures. Patients were evaluated on the postoperative days (PODs) 1, 7, 15, and 28. Intraoperative outcome measures were cumulative dissipated energy (CDE) and ultrasound time (UST). Postoperative outcome measures were endothelial cell loss (ECL), central corneal thickness (CCT), and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA).


Age, gender, and NO-grade distribution among two modes were comparable (P > 0.05). Difference of CDE and UST between modes were found to be significant (P < 0.001) in favor of TPKE with all NO-grades. TPKE mode performs better than LPKE mode with regard to ECL, CCT-change, and BCVA-change, although the differences were found to be insignificant (P > 0.05).


When using active fluidics along with the intrepid balanced tip, TPKE mode appeared to be a more efficient mode of PKE with reduced mean UST and CDE across all NO-grades, as compared to LPKE mode. However, ECL, CCT-change, and BCVA-change were seemed to be comparable between the two modes.


Active fluidics; intrepid balanced tip; longitudinal mode; phacoemulsification; torsional mode

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