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Neoplasma. 2018 Sep 19;65(5):673-682. doi: 10.4149/neo_2018_170516N355. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

MiRNA-500a-3p inhibits cell proliferation and invasion by targeting lymphocyte antigen 6 complex locus K (LY6K) in human non-small cell lung cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Guangdong Medical University, Zhanjiang, China.
2
Cancer Center, Guangdong Medical University, Dongguan, China.

Abstract

LY6K (lymphocyte antigen 6 complex locus K) is an anti-gene in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and miR-500a-3p promotes the progression of cancers. Evidence shows that the increase of miR-500a-3p caused LY6K to be suppressed. Here we hypothesized that miR-500a-3p may take part in the progression of NSCLC through targeting LY6K. miR-500a-3p expression levels in NSCLC specimens and cell lines were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The mRNA and protein expression levels of LY6K in NSCLC specimens and cell lines were examined by qRT-PCR, immunohistochemistry and western blotting. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was carried out to assess miR-500a-3p binding to LY6K gene. The functions of miR-500a-3p and LY6K in proliferation/invasion and lung metastasis formation were assessed by CCK8, Transwell assay and subcutaneous tumor model in nude mice, respectively. Statistical analysis was performed to explore the clinical correlation between miR-500a-3p/LY6K expression and clinicopathological features. miR-500a-3p was substantially decreased in NSCLC tissues and cell lines. LY6K protein and mRNA level expressions were increased in NSCLC patients. Clinical analysis indicated that miR-500a-3p and LY6K were related to tumor differentiation, lymph node metastasis and TNM staging in NSCLC patients. MiR-500a-3p suppresses cell proliferation, invasion and metastasis formation in vivo by targeting the LY6K. miR-500a-3p acts as a tumor suppressor in NSCLC partially via down-regulation of LY6K expression and for NSCLC intervention and suggests a potential therapeutic target for NSCLC intervention.

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