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Sensors (Basel). 2018 Sep 22;18(10). pii: E3206. doi: 10.3390/s18103206.

Double Notched Long-Period Fiber Grating Characterization for CO₂ Gas Sensing Applications †.

Author information

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Sciences and Technology, NO.415 Jian-gong Road, Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung City 80778, Taiwan. gn1204774@gmail.com.
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Sciences and Technology, NO.415 Jian-gong Road, Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung City 80778, Taiwan. srcx2s904@gmail.com.
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Sciences and Technology, NO.415 Jian-gong Road, Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung City 80778, Taiwan. iamjohnny825@gmail.com.
4
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Sciences and Technology, NO.415 Jian-gong Road, Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung City 80778, Taiwan. liren@nkust.edu.tw.
5
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Sciences and Technology, NO.415 Jian-gong Road, Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung City 80778, Taiwan. ccchiang@kuas.edu.tw.

Abstract

In this study, we applied a double-sided inductively coupled plasma (ICP) process to nanostructure long-period fiber grating (LPFG) in order to fabricate a double-notched LPFG (DNLPFG) sensor with a double-sided surface corrugated periodic grating. Using the sol-gel method, we also added thymol blue and ZnO to form a gas sensing layer, thus producing a DNLPFG CO₂ gas sensor. The resulting sensor is the first double-sided etching sensor used to measure CO₂. The experimental results showed that as the CO₂ concentration increased, the transmission loss increased, and that the smaller the fiber diameter, the greater the sensitivity and the greater the change in transmission loss. When the diameter of the fiber was 32 μm (and the period was 570 μm) and the perfusion rate of CO₂ gas was 15%, the maximum loss variation of up to 3.881 dB was achieved, while the sensitivity was 0.2146 dB/% and the linearity was 0.992. These results demonstrate that the DNLPG CO₂ gas sensor is highly sensitive.

KEYWORDS:

CO2; gas sensor; sol-gel

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