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IET Nanobiotechnol. 2018 Oct;12(7):973-980. doi: 10.1049/iet-nbt.2017.0232.

Efficacy of using oxygen microbubble device for facultative anaerobe removal.

Author information

1
Department of Industrial Design, Institute of Applied Arts, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan. adobe33@hotmail.com.
2
Department of Industrial Design, Institute of Applied Arts, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan.
3
Division of Periodontology of CM Dental Clinic, Taichung, Taiwan.

Abstract

Patients with serious gingivitis or periodontal diseases suffer from receding gums. Brushing teeth with a toothbrush may result in bleeding gums and new wounds, which increases the difficulty of removing facultative anaerobes from gum pockets, to decrease the damage inflicted on gums, this study proposed a cleaning device that can generate and emit oxygen microbubbles for eliminating facultative anaerobes in the mouth cavity. In this study, the authors conducted simulations with a denture to investigate the efficacy of using this method to remove facultative anaerobes. In this research for the optimal device design, several variables were manipulated including rotation speeds of the bubble generator, different nozzle diameters, and different numbers of nozzle holes. The results revealed that the device is effective in removing facultative anaerobes; moreover, of all design variables, the number of nozzle holes was the factor having the largest effect on anaerobe removal, as it influenced the flow volume and oxygen content of the discharge: the greater the number of nozzles, the greater the flow volume, oxygen content, and efficacy of anaerobe removal.

PMID:
30247140
DOI:
10.1049/iet-nbt.2017.0232

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