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Neoplasia. 2018 Nov;20(11):1106-1120. doi: 10.1016/j.neo.2018.08.013. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Genetic and Epigenetic Perturbations by DNMT3A-R882 Mutants Impaired Apoptosis through Augmentation of PRDX2 in Myeloid Leukemia Cells.

Author information

1
Division of Hematology-Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taiwan.
2
Division of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
3
Department of Biotechnology, Ming Chuan University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
4
Division of Hematology-Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taiwan; Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Electronic address: sly7012@adm.cgmh.org.tw.

Abstract

DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A) is mutated in various myeloid neoplasms including acute myeloid leukemia (AML), especially at the Arg882 and associated with inferior outcomes. Here, we report that the DNMT3A-Arg882His/Cys (R882H/C) mutations led to inactivation of apoptosis through DNA damage signaling following the impairment of differentiation of myeloid leukemia cells. Gene expression profiling analysis revealed aberrant expression of several cell-cycle and apoptosis-related genes, and the DNA methylation assay identified both hypo- and hypermethylation features in different regions throughout the whole genome of DNMT3A mutants-transduced myeloid cells. We found that DNMT3A-R882H/C mutations upregulated the expression of an antioxidant protein, pyroxiredoxin-2 (PRDX2), at the mRNA and protein levels with decreased accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Augmentation of ROS generation by ROS accumulating agent or by knockdown of PRDX2 from myeloid cells effectively increased drug sensitivity and apoptosis as a consequence of reduced cell proliferation. DNMT3A-R882C/H mutations decreased apoptosis induction in part by increasing the antioxidant capacity of the cell owing to upregulation of PRDX2. Molecularly, both DNMT3A-WT and R882H/C mutants interacted with PRDX2; and R882C/H mutation-induced hypomethylation increased PRDX2 expression which enhanced cell proliferation and growth with impairment of apoptosis, thereby contributing to leukemogenesis.

PMID:
30245403
PMCID:
PMC6153424
DOI:
10.1016/j.neo.2018.08.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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