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J Cell Biochem. 2019 Mar;120(3):3958-3968. doi: 10.1002/jcb.27679. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

A 4-microRNA signature for survival prognosis in pediatric and adolescent acute myeloid leukemia.

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Institute of Hematology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.


Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a hematologic malignancy with significant molecular heterogeneity. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a critical role in AML diagnosis, pathogenesis, and prognosis of AML. Little has been done to identify a miRNA signature in pediatric and adolescent patients for predicting overall survival. This study aims to identify a panel of miRNA signature that could predict the prognosis of all younger AML patients with all subtypes of AML by analyzing data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). A total of 229 patients under 23 years with miRNA data and corresponding clinical data from TCGA database were enrolled in this study. Through conducting multivariate analysis in the training test, it was identified that the high expression of hsa-miR-509 and hsa-miR-542 were independent poor prognostic factors, whereas that of hsa-miR-146a and hsa-miR-3667 had a trend to be favorable factors. A 4-miRNA signature was constructed by these miRNAs considering the weight of each. In testing group and all 229 patients' cohort as well as 59 cytogenetically normal AML (CN-AML) patients' cohort, higher risk score was associated with shorter overall survival (OS). All results were confidential by using powerful statistical analysis. Gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis were carried out to further develop leukemia-relevant mechanisms supporting the model. The results indicate that the 4-miRNA-based signature is a reliable prognostic biomarker for pediatric and adolescent AML patients.


a 4-miRNA signature; pediatric and adolescent AML; prognosis


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