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AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2018 Dec;211(6):1313-1318. doi: 10.2214/AJR.18.19611. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Uncovered Medial Meniscus Sign on Knee MRI: Evidence of Lost Brake Stop Mechanism of the Posterior Horn Medial Meniscus.

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1
1 Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 82 Gumi-ro, 173 Beon-gil, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do 13620, South Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of our study was to evaluate the association between anterior tibial translation and injuries on the posterior horn medial meniscus (PHMM) and the integrity of the brake stop mechanism of the PHMM in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-deficient knee.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This retrospective study included 85 consecutive patients with an arthroscopically confirmed complete ACL tear. Anterior tibial translation was quantitatively measured using sagittal MRI at the midpoint of the lateral femoral condyle. The "uncovered medial meniscus" sign was considered positive if a vertical line tangent to the posteriormost margin of the medial tibial plateau intersected the PHMM at the midpoint of the medial femoral condyle on sagittal MRI. Concomitant injuries on the structures of the posteromedial and posterolateral corners of the knee, including PHMM tear and meniscal ramp lesion, were recorded. Stratified subgroup analysis and multivariable regression analysis were performed to identify factors associated with anterior tibial translation.

RESULTS:

The uncovered medial meniscus sign was positive in 21.2% (18/85) of patients and was significantly associated with anterior tibial translation. In the stratified subgroup analysis and multivariable regression analysis, positive uncovered medial meniscus sign consistently showed a significant association with anterior tibial translation and generated an additional 2.8 mm of anterior tibial translation. Other injuries, including PHMM tear and meniscal ramp lesion, were not associated with anterior tibial translation.

CONCLUSION:

The uncovered medial meniscus sign showed a statistically significant correlation with anterior tibial translation and could be a useful marker for the lost brake stop mechanism of PHMM in the ACL-deficient knee.

KEYWORDS:

anterior tibial translation; brake stop mechanism; complete anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear; medial meniscus; uncovered medial meniscus sign

PMID:
30240302
DOI:
10.2214/AJR.18.19611

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