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Ann Biomed Eng. 2018 Sep 20. doi: 10.1007/s10439-018-02125-9. [Epub ahead of print]

Near Infrared Spectroscopic Evaluation of Ligament and Tendon Biomechanical Properties.

Author information

1
Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland. jari.torniainen@uef.fi.
2
Diagnostic Imaging Center, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland. jari.torniainen@uef.fi.
3
Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
4
Diagnostic Imaging Center, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.

Abstract

Knee ligaments and tendons are collagen-rich viscoelastic connective tissues that provide vital mechanical stabilization and support to the knee joint. Deterioration of ligaments has an adverse effect on the health of the knee and can eventually lead to ligament rupture and osteoarthritis. In this study, the feasibility of near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was, for the first time, tested for evaluation of ligament and tendon mechanical properties by performing measurements on bovine stifle joint ligament (N = 40) and patellar tendon (N = 10) samples. The mechanical properties of the samples were determined using a uniaxial tensile testing protocol. Partial least squares regression models were then developed to determine if morphological, viscoelastic, and quasi-static properties of the samples could be predicted from the NIR spectra. Best performance of NIRS in predicting mechanical properties was observed for toughness at yield point (median [Formula: see text], median normalized [Formula: see text]), toughness at failure point (median [Formula: see text], median normalized [Formula: see text]), and the ultimate strength of the ligament/tendon (median [Formula: see text], median normalized [Formula: see text]). Thus, we show that NIRS is capable of estimating ligament and tendon biomechanical properties, especially in parameters related to tissue failure. We believe this method could substantially enhance the currently limited arthroscopic evaluation of ligaments and tendons.

KEYWORDS:

Arthroscopy; Knee ligaments; Near infrared spectroscopy

PMID:
30238376
DOI:
10.1007/s10439-018-02125-9

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