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J Immunol. 1987 Jan 1;138(1):91-7.

Stimulation of T cells via the TAP molecule, a member in a family of activating proteins encoded in the Ly-6 locus.


T-cell activating protein, TAP, is a Ly-6 encoded 12,000 dalton glycoprotein involved in the activation of murine T cells. TAP is distinct from other known surface activating structures, such as the T cell receptor/T3 complex and Thy-1. This study investigates the mechanism of activation via the TAP molecule. Soluble alpha TAP monoclonal antibody (MAb) is sufficient for T cell activation. This, however, requires cross-linking because F(ab) monovalent antibody is not stimulatory unless cross-linked by a second antibody. Immediately after cross-linking, there is a rapid influx of calcium, which is comparable with concanavalin A or T cell receptor triggered responses. Subsequently, interleukin 2 (IL 2) is produced, and IL 2 receptors (IL 2R) are expressed. TAP-stimulated T cell proliferation is driven by this autocrine pathway because it is inhibited by alpha IL 2R MAb. Thus TAP-mediated activation appears to share a common final pathway with other mitogenic stimuli. A nonactivating alpha TAP MAb was observed to stimulate T cells upon additional cross-linking. Given this observation, we asked whether other Ly-6 linked proteins might share similar activating potential. We show that at least three distinct Ly-6 linked molecules are capable of stimulating T hybrid clones and/or heterogeneous T lymphocytes. Thus it appears that the Ly-6 locus encodes a family of activating cell surface molecules.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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