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J Biol Chem. 1986 Dec 5;261(34):15819-22.

Binding of single-chain prourokinase to the urokinase receptor of human U937 cells.


The single-chain form of human urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) is the major form of the enzyme found in cells, tissues, and extracellular fluids. The protein, called pro-uPA, has high (Kd = 0.5 nM) affinity for the specific uPA receptor of U937 human monocyte-like cells. Its conversion to two-chain uPA by plasmin does not appreciably change the binding parameters. In addition, conversion of pro-uPA to uPA occurs with receptor-bound pro-uPA and does not lead to dissociation from the membrane. These data show that secreted pro-uPA can find its way to the specific surface receptor without previous conversion to the two-chain form and that, once bound, can be activated by plasmin.

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