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Int J Yoga. 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):208-214. doi: 10.4103/ijoy.IJOY_2_18.

A Randomized Trial Comparing Effect of Yoga and Exercises on Quality of Life in among nursing population with Chronic Low Back Pain.

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Department of Integrative Medicine, Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research, Kolar, Karnataka, India.
Medical Director, Arogyadhama, S-VYASA Yoga University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Division of Yoga and Life Sciences, S-VYASA Yoga University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Department of Orthopedics, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar, Karnataka, India.
Integrated Centre for Yoga (NICY), NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.



Chronic low back pain (CLBP) adversely affects quality of life (QOL) in nursing professionals. Integrated yoga has a positive impact on CLBP. Studies assessing the effects of yoga on CLBP in nursing population are lacking. Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of integrated yoga and physical exercises on QOL in nurses with CLBP.


A total of 88 women nurses from a tertiary care hospital of South India were randomized into yoga group (n = 44; age - 31.45 ± 3.47 years) and physical exercise group (n = 44; age - 32.75 ± 3.71 years). Yoga group was intervened with integrated yoga therapy module practices, 1 h/day and 5 days a week for 6 weeks. Physical exercise group practiced a set of physical exercises for the same duration. All participants were assessed at baseline and after 6 weeks with the World Health Organization Quality of Life-brief (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire.


Data were analyzed by Paired-samples t-test and Independent-samples t-test for within- and between-group comparisons, respectively, using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Within-group analysis for QOL revealed a significant improvement in physical, psychological, and social domains (except environmental domain) in both groups. Between-group analysis showed a higher percentage of improvement in yoga as compared to exercise group except environmental domain.


Integrated yoga was showed improvements in physical, psychological, and social health domains of QOL better than physical exercises among nursing professionals with CLBP. There is a need to incorporate yoga as lifestyle intervention for nursing professionals.


Exercises; low back pain; nurses; quality of life; yoga

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