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Int J Yoga. 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):208-214. doi: 10.4103/ijoy.IJOY_2_18.

A Randomized Trial Comparing Effect of Yoga and Exercises on Quality of Life in among nursing population with Chronic Low Back Pain.

Author information

1
Department of Integrative Medicine, Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research, Kolar, Karnataka, India.
2
Medical Director, Arogyadhama, S-VYASA Yoga University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
3
Division of Yoga and Life Sciences, S-VYASA Yoga University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
4
Department of Orthopedics, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar, Karnataka, India.
5
Integrated Centre for Yoga (NICY), NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Background:

Chronic low back pain (CLBP) adversely affects quality of life (QOL) in nursing professionals. Integrated yoga has a positive impact on CLBP. Studies assessing the effects of yoga on CLBP in nursing population are lacking. Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of integrated yoga and physical exercises on QOL in nurses with CLBP.

Methods:

A total of 88 women nurses from a tertiary care hospital of South India were randomized into yoga group (n = 44; age - 31.45 ± 3.47 years) and physical exercise group (n = 44; age - 32.75 ± 3.71 years). Yoga group was intervened with integrated yoga therapy module practices, 1 h/day and 5 days a week for 6 weeks. Physical exercise group practiced a set of physical exercises for the same duration. All participants were assessed at baseline and after 6 weeks with the World Health Organization Quality of Life-brief (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire.

Results:

Data were analyzed by Paired-samples t-test and Independent-samples t-test for within- and between-group comparisons, respectively, using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Within-group analysis for QOL revealed a significant improvement in physical, psychological, and social domains (except environmental domain) in both groups. Between-group analysis showed a higher percentage of improvement in yoga as compared to exercise group except environmental domain.

Conclusions:

Integrated yoga was showed improvements in physical, psychological, and social health domains of QOL better than physical exercises among nursing professionals with CLBP. There is a need to incorporate yoga as lifestyle intervention for nursing professionals.

KEYWORDS:

Exercises; low back pain; nurses; quality of life; yoga

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