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J Med Virol. 2019 Mar;91(3):378-384. doi: 10.1002/jmv.25321. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Detection and genotyping of enteric viruses in hospitalized children with acute gastroenteritis in Belém, Brazil: Occurrence of adenovirus viremia by species F, types 40/41.

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Postgraduate Program in Parasitic Biology in the Amazon, University of State of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil.
Postgraduate Program in Virology, Evandro Chagas Institute, Ananindeua, Pará, Brazil.
Undergraduate in Nursing, University of State of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil.
School of the Amazon, Belém, Pará, Brazil.
Virology Section, Evandro Chagas Institute, Health Surveillance Secretariat, Brazilian Ministry of Health, Ananindeua, Pará, Brazil.


Enteric adenovirus (AdV), sapovirus (SaV), and human astrovirus (HAstV) are important pathogens involved in the gastroenteritis etiology. In this study, a total of 219 fecal samples and sera were collected from children hospitalized for acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in two large pediatric hospitals in Belém, from March 2012 to April 2015. The samples were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for AdV and HAstV (astrovirus) detection, and Nested-PCR and qPCR for SaV detection. AdV was detected in 50.2% (110/219) of the cases, with 42.7% (47/110) being sequenced and classified as: species F (63.9% - 30/47), A (4.2% - 2/47), B (6.4% - 3/47), C (17.1% - 8/47), D (4.2% - 2/47), and E (4.2% - 2/47). Of the 110 AdV-positive feces samples, 80 paired sera presented sufficient amounts and were also tested for this virus, of which 51 (63.7%) showed positive results and 26 (70.3%) pairs (feces plus sera) presented concordant results after sequencing being classified as: species F (21/26; 80.8%), A (1/26; 3.8%), B (1/26; 3.8%), and C (3/26; 11.5%). Overall, HAstV rate in the feces samples was 1.8% (4/219), including both HAstV-1a (2/4; 50%) and HAstV-2c (2/4; 50%). SaV was detected in 4.6% (10/219) of the fecal samples, out of which 50% (5/10) of the positive samples were characterized into the genogroups GI.1 (1), GI.2 (2), and GII.4 (2). These findings highlighted the important contributions of AdV, HAstV, and SaV in the enteric virus spectrum in our region and showed the high genetic diversity of AdV. In addition, it demonstrated for the first time in Brazil, the circulation of AdV in the serum of hospitalized children with AGE.


adenovirus (AdV); astrovirus (AstV); children; diarrhea; hospital; sapovirus (SaV)


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