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Exp Cell Res. 1987 Jan;168(1):247-54.

Control of HL-60 monocytic differentiation. Different pathways and uncoupled expression of differentiation markers.


Control of expression of the terminally differentiated phenotype was studied using the human promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL-60. Three known inducers of HL-60 monocytic differentiation were compared: 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3, tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA), and sodium butyrate. At concentrations where all three inducers resulted in similar courses of G1/0-specific growth arrest, the kinetics of appearance of certain differentiation markers typically characteristic of mature monocytic cells was determined. The markers were inducible oxidative metabolism, non-specific esterase activity, and the cell surface determinants Mo1, My4, and Mo2. The results indicate that: Regulation of the expression of these markers during induced monocytic differentiation is not controlled in common. The three monocytic inducers do not induce the same metabolic cascade leading to differentiation. Similar states of differentiation could thus be reached by different pathways apparently due to the fact that control of expression of different differentiation markers was not tightly coupled.

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