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EMBO J. 1986 Sep;5(9):2355-61.

The nucleotide sequence of the fission yeast DNA topoisomerase II gene: structural and functional relationships to other DNA topoisomerases.


We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of a 5.3-kb long genomic DNA fragment of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe that encodes DNA topoisomerase II. It contains a 4293 bp long single open reading frame. The predicted polypeptide has 1431 residues (mol. wt 162,000) and shows three characteristic domains; the large C-terminal region, which consists of alternating acidic-basic stretches and might be a chromatin-binding domain, the NH2 half domain homologous to the ATP-binding gyrB subunit of bacterial gyrase and the central-to-latter part which is homologous to the NH2 domain of the catalytic gyrA subunit, suggesting a possible evolutionary consequence of the gene fusion of the bacterial gyrase subunits into the eucaryotic DNA topoisomerase II gene. We have found that the cloned fission yeast TOP2 gene can complement the budding yeast top2 mutation, although the fission yeast TOP2 protein sequence is only 50% homologous to the recently determined sequence of budding yeast (J.C. Wang, personal communication). Conversely, the budding yeast TOP2 gene can complement the fission yeast top2 mutations, indicating that their DNA topoisomerase II genes are functionally exchangeable.

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