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J Autism Dev Disord. 2019 Feb;49(2):729-737. doi: 10.1007/s10803-018-3751-2.

Exploring Traits of Autism and Their Impact on Functional Disability in Children with Somatic Symptom Disorder.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8421, Japan. k-hatta@juntendo.ac.jp.
2
Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8421, Japan.
3
Department of Psychosocial Medicine, National Center for Child Health and Development, 2-10-1 Okura, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, 157-8535, Japan.

Abstract

Subclinical traits of autism were measured in children with somatic symptom disorder (SSD, nā€‰=ā€‰28) and compared with age-matched controls (nā€‰=ā€‰26) using the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) children's version. The KINDLR quality of life questionnaire was used to assess functional disability. Although there was no significant group difference in total traits of autism, SSD group had significantly greater difficulty in attention switching domain. Logistic regression analysis confirmed attention switching and age were associated with increased likelihood of SSD. In SSD group, difficulty in attention switching significantly negatively correlated with total, family, and friends quality of life scores. In conclusion, assessment and treatment targeting difficulties in attention switching could be useful when dealing with children with SSD.

KEYWORDS:

Attention switching; Autism Spectrum Quotient; Autism spectrum disorder; Autistic traits; Somatic symptom disorder

PMID:
30229361
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-018-3751-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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