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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1986 Dec 5;879(3):301-12.

Regulation of lipoprotein receptors on rat hepatomas in vivo.


It has been shown previously that the rat hepatoma no. 7288C grown in vivo or in vitro expresses fewer receptors which recognize chylomicron remnants than does normal rat liver, and it was suggested that this may contribute to the deletion of dietary cholesterol-induced regulation of cholesterol synthesis in hepatomas (Barnard, G., Erickson, S. and Cooper, A. (1984) J. Clin. Invest. 74, 173-184). To investigate this further, Buffalo rats bearing hepatomas (HTC no. 7288C) were made hypercholesterolemic by feeding an atherogenic diet and hypocholesterolemic by ethinyl estradiol injections. Under all circumstances, tumor membranes had fewer receptors than liver membranes as measured by specific binding of [125I]chylomicron remnants. Ethinyl estradiol treatment increased the number of lipoprotein receptors 1.7-fold in liver membranes and 1.2-1.6-fold in tumor membranes, but hypercholesterolemia did not produce any significant changes in remnant binding to either liver or hepatoma membranes. Feeding an atherogenic diet induced a 2.4-fold increase in total cholesterol content in the liver, primarily as cholesterol ester; however, there was no change in total, free or ester cholesterol in the hepatomas. Acyl coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase activity was low in this hepatoma line and neither treatment significantly affected its activity. One explanation for the lack of effect of the atherogenic diet on hepatoma cholesterol metabolism in addition to the decreased number of lipoprotein receptors might be the failure of access of lipoproteins to the tumor cell. To assess this, radioiodinated apo E-rich lipoproteins of various sizes were injected intravenously into rats with hepatomas. Their disappearance from the circulation was followed, and the uptake of each lipoprotein into a variety of tissues was determined. Chylomicron remnants were the most avidly removed particles. VLDLH, IDLH and HDLC were removed more slowly and less completely. None of the lipoproteins accumulated substantially in the tumors suggesting a limited access to the hepatoma tissue. Thus, in addition to the observed reduction in lipoprotein receptor number, limited lipoprotein access to the hepatoma tissue may be a significant factor in contributing to the apparent lack of feedback regulation of cholesterol synthesis by hepatoma tissue in vivo.

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