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Chronic Illn. 2018 Sep 18:1742395318799843. doi: 10.1177/1742395318799843. [Epub ahead of print]

Effect of a participatory patient education programme (NExt EDucation) in group-based patient education among Danes with type 2 diabetes.

Author information

1
1 Steno Diabetes Center Copenhagen, Gentofte, Denmark.
2
2 The Research Unit for General Practice and Section of General Practice, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

Objective To assess the effect of a participatory group-based education programme for individuals with type 2 diabetes, Next Education. Method In a quasi-experimental study, individuals with type 2 diabetes were recruited from 14 Danish municipalities with a patient education programme. Eight municipalities using Next Education were intervention sites; six control sites used usual group-based education programmes. Data were collected through questionnaires at baseline and at 3 and 12 months after programmes ended. Changes in quality of life (EQ-5D-5L), diabetes-related emotional distress (PAID-5), physical activity, diet, foot care and sense of coherence (SOC-13) were assessed in generalised linear mixed models. Results At baseline, 310 participants (52.6% females, mean age 62.5 years [SD = 10.7] and a mean duration of type 2 diabetes of 6.9 years [SD = 8.4]) participated in Next Education ( n = 234) or group-based education ( n = 76) at control sites. Compared with participants at control sites, participants at intervention sites had significantly larger sense of coherence scores at 3 (9.4%, p = 0.03) and 12 (9.8%, p = 0.02) months of follow-up. Other measures did not differ significantly between groups. Discussion It is likely that person-centeredness and high degrees of user participation at the intervention sites improved sense of coherence among Danes with type 2 diabetes.

KEYWORDS:

Patient education; diabetes self-management; dialogue tools; mixed models; participatory methods

PMID:
30227718
DOI:
10.1177/1742395318799843

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