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J Sport Rehabil. 2019 Aug 1;28(6):606-613. doi: 10.1123/jsr.2017-0292.

Sex and Maturation Differences in Performance of Functional Jumping and Landing Deficits in Youth Athletes.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Understanding how neuromuscular and biomechanical deficits that are associated with knee injuries change as youth mature may improve injury prevention strategies in this population.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate sex and maturation differences in jump-landing technique performance in youths using a practical clinical tool.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study.

SETTING:

High Performance Center Laboratory.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 165 youth athletes were included in this study.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The main outcome measures were each of the 10 items of the modified tuck jump assessment and the total score. These measures include (1) knee valgus at landing, (2) thighs do not reach parallel, (3) thighs not equal side to side, (4) foot placement not shoulder width apart, (5) foot placement not parallel, (6) foot contact timing not equal, (7) excessive landing contact noise, (8) pause between jumps, (9) technique declines prior to 10 seconds, and (10) does not land in same footprint.

RESULTS:

Only knee valgus at landing had a significant sex × maturation interaction. The main effect of maturation was significant for items 2, 3, 6, 7, 9, and total score. Plyometric technique performance improved with increasing maturation. The main effect of sex was significant for items 1 and 9, with males performing better than females.

CONCLUSIONS:

Female athletes demonstrate increased knee valgus at landing and fatigue relative to males during jump-landing performance. Overall, there was a trend of improved jump-landing performance with maturation.

KEYWORDS:

ACL; assessment tool; jump landing; prevention

PMID:
30222476
DOI:
10.1123/jsr.2017-0292

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