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Life Sci. 1986 Nov 3;39(18):1639-44.

Kinin release from kininogens by calpains.


During the investigation of inhibitory activity of kininogens toward calpains [EC], we found that lysyl-bradykinin was liberated from both high molecular weight (HMW) and low molecular weight (LMW) kininogens by the action of the calpains. The kinin liberation occurred in a limited range of calpain to kininogen molar ratios of 0.5:1 to 8:1, and in that condition calpains were simultaneously inhibited 20 to 80% by kininogens. The maximum level of kinin release from HMW and LMW kininogens by calpain I was about 25% and that by calpain II was 20%. These results suggest that in case of inflammation the kininogens play two physiologically distinct roles by interaction with calpains: to release lysyl-bradykinin and to inhibit proteinase activity of calpains derived from the damaged tissues.

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