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World Neurosurg. 2018 Dec;120:e1011-e1016. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.216. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Neuroendoscopic Resection of Trigeminal Schwannoma in the Pterygopalatine/Infratemporal Fossa via the Transnasal Perpendicular Plate Palatine Bone or Transnasal Maxillary Sinus Approach.

Author information

1
Jiangsu Clinical Medicine Center of Tissue Engineering and Nerve Injury Repair, Chinese Medical Association Neuroendoscopic Training Base and Department of Neurosurgery, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu Province, China.
2
Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu Province, China.
3
Jiangsu Clinical Medicine Center of Tissue Engineering and Nerve Injury Repair, Chinese Medical Association Neuroendoscopic Training Base and Department of Neurosurgery, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu Province, China. Electronic address: fysw@ntu.edu.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Both the pterygopalatine fossa (PPF) and the infratemporal fossa (ITF) lie outside the midline of the skull base. Lesions in the PPF or ITF include trigeminal schwannoma (trigeminal schwannoma, TS), which originates from the second or third branch of the trigeminal nerve (maxillary nerve or mandibular nerve). Due to their typically deep anatomic location, lesions in the PPF or ITF can be difficult to treat using traditional surgical approaches. In recent years, because of their advantages, which include the fact that they allow the problem to be observed close up, neuroendoscopic techniques are increasingly being applied in skull base surgery, especially in treatment of lesions around the midline of the base of the skull. This study aims to 1) evaluate the neuroendoscopic treatment of lesions in PPF or ITF via the transnasal palate bone perpendicular plate or transnasal maxillary sinus approach and 2) analyze the clinical significance of this approach.

METHODS:

We retrospectively analyzed 3 cases of PPF TSs and 1 case of ITF TS treated between January 2015 and May 2017. All of the cases underwent neuroendoscopic resection of TSs located in the PPF via the nasal perpendicular plate palatine bone (or nasal maxillary sinus) approach.

RESULTS:

Two cases of PPF TSs were characterized by a thin palate bone perpendicular plate due to oppressed absorption of the tumor. Therefore the endoscopic transnasal palate bone perpendicular plate approach was employed. Additionally, 1 case of PPF TSs and 1 case of ITF TS were resected via the transnasal maxillary sinus approach. All 4 patients received total resection under endoscopy and recovered well after their respective operations without cerebrospinal fluid leakage, although 1 patient experienced postoperative dry eye symptoms and 1 other patient showed no improvement in facial numbness before and after the operation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Neuroendoscopic surgery performed via the transnasal perpendicular plate palatine bone or transnasal maxillary sinus approach has its own unique advantages in removing TSs in PPF and in ITF: Notably, the tumor can be exposed and dealt with under direct vision, which prevents damage to important structures, such as the internal carotid and maxillary nerves, while at the same time helping to achieve total removal of TSs. Furthermore, by adopting this approach versus traditional skull base surgery, postoperative trauma can be reduced significantly, which should be advocated for in this time of minimal invasive surgery.

KEYWORDS:

Endoscopic surgery; Transmaxillary approach; Transpalatine approaches; Trigeminal schwannoma

PMID:
30218796
DOI:
10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.216
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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