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J Free Radic Biol Med. 1986;2(1):13-8.

Use of salicylate with high pressure liquid chromatography and electrochemical detection (LCED) as a sensitive measure of hydroxyl free radicals in adriamycin treated rats.


Hydroxyl free radicals react with salicylate to form 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,3-DHBA) and 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,5-DHBA). Utilizing the technique of high pressure liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (LCED), it is possible to detect DHBAs at the level of femtomoles. Since salicylate is relatively non-toxic, we have administered it as a trapping agent in a first attempt to examine the use of the LCED method as a sensitive measure of in vivo OH production. Utilizing adriamycin administration as a model to induce oxygen free radical tissue damage, we found that the level of DHBAs present in drug treated rats versus controls was increased 100-fold in heart and muscle, 30-fold in lung, and 3- and 4-fold in brain and blood, respectively. These first observations support the theory that adriamycin induces OH in tissue and indicates that the LCED method may prove to be useful to measure oxygen free radical production in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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